LIVING SITUATION/ HOUSING ISSUES/ MCKINNEY-VENTO
Education for Children and Youth Experiencing Homelessness
This resource is intended for parents/guardians/staff/community members to utilize if
experiencing homelessness or in crisis. This resource also provides guidance and training and is
If you or someone you know is in need of assistance ó please reach out to Mr. Gary Kinnear who is the Homeless Liaison at 724-932-3186 Ext 1108 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
The districtís liaison shall coordinate with:
- 1. Local service agencies that provide services to homeless children, youth, and families.
- 2. Other school districts on issues of records transfer and transportation.
- 3. District staff responsible for the provision of services under Section 504 of the
Rehabilitation Act and Individuals with Disabilities Act.
- 4. State and local housing agencies responsible for comprehensive housing affordability
The districtís liaison shall provide public notice of the educational rights of homeless students in
schools, family shelters, soup kitchens, public libraries, and locations frequented by
parents/guardians of homeless children.
The district liaison shall provide reliable, valid, and comprehensive data to the coordinator of
Pennsylvaniaís Education for Children/Youth Experiencing Homelessness (ECYEH) Program in
accordance with federal and state law regulations.
Definition of Homelessness:
Homeless students are defined as individuals lacking a fixed, regular, adequate nighttime
residence, which include the following conditions:
School of origin
- 1. Sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing or economic hardship.
- 2. Living in motels, hotels, trailer parks or camping grounds due to lack of alternative
- 3. Living in emergency, transitional, or domestic violence shelters.
- 4. Abandoned in hospitals.
- 5. Whose primary nighttime residence is a public or private place not designed for or
ordinarily used as regular sleeping accommodations for human beings.
- 6. Living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing,
transportation stations or similar settings.
- 7. Living as migratory children in conditions described in previous examples.
- 8. Living as run-away children.
- 9. Abandoned or forced out of homes by parents/guardians or caretakers.
- 10. Living as school-aged parents in houses for parents if they have no other living
is defined as the school the student attended when permanently housed or the
school in which the student was last enrolled, including pre-school. When the student completes the final grade level served by the school of origin, the school of origin shall include the designated receiving school at the next grade level for all feeder schools.
is defined as a homeless child or youth not in the physical custody of a
parent or guardian.
To the extent feasible and, in accordance with the studentís best interest, a homeless student
shall continue to be enrolled in his or her school of origin while he or she remains homeless or
until the end of the academic year in which he or she obtains permanent housing.
Parents/Guardians of a homeless student may request enrollment in the school in the
attendance area where the student is actually living or other schools. If a student is
unaccompanied by a parent/guardian, the district liaison will assist the student with placement
and enrollment decisions and give priority to the views of the student in determining where he
or she will be enrolled.
If after such consideration, the district determines that it is not in the studentís best interest to
attend the school of origin or the school requested by the parent/guardian or unaccompanied
youth, the district shall provide the parent/guardian or unaccompanied youth with a written
explanation of the reasons for its determination. The explanation shall be in a manner and form
understandable to the parent/guardian or unaccompanied youth and shall include information
regarding the right to appeal.
The selected school shall immediately enroll the student and begin instruction, even if the
student is unable to produce records normally required for enrollment pursuant to district
policies. However, the district may require a parent/guardian to submit contact information. The district liaison may contact the previous school for oral confirmation of immunizations, and the school shall request records from the previous district, pursuant to Board policy. Homeless
families are not required to prove residency regarding school enrollment.
The receiving school district may contact the district of origin for oral confirmation that t he
student has been immunized but must not be a barrier to enrollment. Oral confirmation
between professionals is a sufficient basis to verify immunization with written confirmation to
follow within thirty (30) days. The instructional program should begin without delay after the
enrollment process is initiated and should not be delayed until the procedure is completed.
The enrolling districtís liaison will assist the parent/guardian/student in obtaining necessary
immunizations, or immunization or medical records.
The district will support families with accessibility to health-related resources ó not limited to
access to a physician, dentist, and other specialty doctors.
The district may assist with transportation for access to medical providers as well as assist with
overcoming barriers related to insurance.
If the district is unable to determine the studentís grade level due to missing or incomplete
records, the district shall administer tests or utilize appropriate means to determine the
If a dispute arises over school selection or enrollment, the student shall be immediately enrolled in the school in which enrollment is sought, pending resolution of the dispute. The
parent/guardian/student will be provided with a written explanation of the schoolís decision on
the dispute, including the right to appeal. The parent/guardian/student will be referred to the
district liaison, who will carry out the stateís grievance procedure as expeditiously as possible
after receiving notice of the dispute. In the case of an unaccompanied student, the district liaison shall ensure that the student is immediately enrolled in school pending resolution of the dispute.
If disputes or complaints of noncompliance rise regarding the education of homeless students,
the following steps shall be taken:
- 1. The person filing the complaint shall first contact the school or district through the
district liaison, the principal, or Superintendent to present their concerns to the people
closest to the situation and, most likely, to be able to resolve it quickly.
- 2. If Step 1 is not successful or is not possible under the circumstances, contact should be
made with the Homeless Project Education Liaison, or the Pennsylvania Department of
Education (PDE) will accept complaints directly through the Education for Homeless
Children and Youth Program.
- 3. Individual cases may be referred to the PDEís Office of Chief Counsel and the Office of
the Deputy Secretary for Elementary and Secondary Education, as needed, by the State
PDE will deliver a response within fifteen (15) business days of the receipt of the complaint. The
complaint may arrive in the form of a copy of the school district letter or on the Dispute Letter
Form, if given directly to a Liaison of the Homeless Initiative.
Information about a homeless studentís living situation shall be treated as a student education
record subject to the protections of the Family Educational Right and Privacy Act (FERPA) and
shall not be deemed to be directory information.
Homeless students shall be provided services comparable to those offered to other district
students including, but not limited to: transportation services, school nutrition programs,
vocational programs and technical education, preschool programs, programs for students with
limited English proficiency, and educational services for which students meet eligibility criteria,
such as programs for disadvantaged students, students with disabilities, and gifted and talented
The district shall provide transportation for homeless students to their school of origin or the
school they choose to attend within the school district.
If the school of origin is outside district boundaries or homeless students live in another district
but will attend their school of origin in this district, the school districts shall agree upon a method
to apportion the responsibility and costs of the transportation.
Mrs. Lisa Nuhfer
The following guidelines will be followed in cases when the education of the student is provided
by the district where the homeless student is temporarily living. The guidelines shall also apply in cases when the district of prior attendance, where that is not the district the student attended when permanently housed, will educate the student:
- 1. Homeless individuals not in facilities (shelters) or institutions, as well as homeless
individuals living in hotels, motels, cars, tents, or doubled-up with a resident family, shall
be reported and reimbursed as resident students.
- 2. For homeless individuals in temporary shelters, the educating school district will send a
form for the determination of district residence for students in facilities or institutions to
the presumed district of residence.
- 3. If the form is acknowledged by the resident district, the educating district will enter the
student on its rolls as a nonresident student from the acknowledging resident school
district. The educating district will bill the resident district for tuition and will report
membership data according to state child accounting procedures.
- 4. If the form is disclaimed and a district of residence cannot be determined, the student
will be considered a ward of the state. The educating district will enter the student on its
rolls as a nonresident ward of the state and will report membership according to state
child accounting procedures. The Department of Education will pay tuition to the
educating district based on membership reported to child accounting.
In cases when the education of the student is provided by the district of origin, where that is the district, the student attended when permanently housed, the district will continue to educate a homeless student for the period of temporary displacement and should maintain the student on its rolls as a resident student.
In cases when the student becomes permanently housed during the academic year and
continues in the school of origin, which is not the district of new residence, the educating district will continue to educate the formerly homeless student on its rolls as a nonresident student.
Offered by the Coordinator of Pennsylvaniaís Education for Children and Youth Experiencing
The districtís liaison shall arrange professional development programs for school staff, including
School personnel providing services to homeless students, including enrollment staff, shall
receive professional development and support to:
Free and Reduced Meals:
- 1. Improve identification of homeless students.
- 2. Understand the rights of such children, including requirements for immediate enrollment
and transportation, and
- 3. Heighten the awareness of, and capacity to respond to, the educational needs of such
All JASD students receive free meals (breakfast and lunch) at this time
Families are a valued member of our community and an essential part of a childís success.
Opportunities for participation in school and building sponsored events are communicated in a
variety of ways throughout the school year.
If you need assistance to participate, please contact
your building principal, Ms. Kristin Hope, or Mr. Brian Keyser.
The District partners with community agencies to support families through collaboration. Some
community partnerships include but are not limited to:
Mercer County Behavioral Health Commission
Crawford County Department of Human Services
Students have access to numerous academic supports ó based on the need of each individual
student. Examples include but are not limited to:
Title 1 services
Multi Tiered Intervention Supports
High School Credit Recovery
McKinney Vento Homeless Education Assistance Improvements Act:
https://www.education.pa.gov/K-12/Homeless%20Education/mckinneyvento/Pages/default.aspx Click for link
Education for Children & Youth Experiencing Homelessness (Region 5) Click for link
Education for Homeless Youth Click for link
Gary S. Kinnear
724-932-3186 ext. 1110